What is Acne?

Causes of Acne

Adolescence Acne and Adult Acne

Conventional or Wellness Solution for Acne

Good Day Acne Treatment Programs

Acne Treatment Products

Before & After Photos

 

What is Acne?


Acne is basically an inflammation of the skin. The most common cause of acne is an oily skin that leads to proliferation of bacteria, which the body recognizes as foreign invasion. To combat this, the immune system secretes hormone-like substances known as inflammatory mediators. This is the main indication of a link between the immune system health and acne.

Almost everyone has suffered from acne at one time or another in his or her lives. It is primarily a disorder of the sebaceous gland (glands in the skin that secrete an oily substance) of the face, the neck and back. When the sebaceous glands become clogged with the oily substance they create, the accumulation results in pimples. There are several forms of acne, but the most common is acne vulgaris, found primarily in adolescents.


We usually think of acne as adolescent blemishes and breakouts, but adults through their 50s can also suffer from breakouts of pimples, lesions, redness and scarring. Even babies can suffer from breakouts of pimples and infantile acne.

Acne is most common on skin with higher densities of sebaceous glands such as the forehead, chin and mid-back, but acne can also flare up on the shoulders, chest, neck, upper arms and scalp.

What might surprise you about acne is that the source of breakouts is actually the hair follicle.  
Sebaceous glands in follicles produce sebum. Sebum is an oily substance that travels up follicle to the hair shaft at the skin’s surface, carrying normal bacteria and dead cells from the follicular lining to be discarded. Greater the sebum production can clog the hair follicle with dead cells that stick together to form a plug at the opening.

When this happens, a pimple, or blemish, appears. Worse, however, this mixture of sebum and dead cells can become a pool for bacteria to grow. The sebum, bacteria and dead cells, trapped in the skin, cause inflammation, swelling and pus, finally resulting in acne. Acne breakouts can become severe, spreading across and under the skin causing redness, bumps, irritation, ugly lesions and permanent scarring. The body responds to this infectious mix by producing chemical defenders whose action can lead to the formation of free radicals, causing oxidation and further inflammation.


 
 
 
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